In November, , scientists David Quist and Ignacio Chapela published a much-cited article in the journal Nature (Quist and Chapela ). Investigating the. Ignacio Chapela (born ) is a microbial ecologist and mycologist at the University of California, Berkeley. He is best known for a paper in Nature on the. letters to nature. NATURE |VOL |29 NOVEMBER | David Quist & Ignacio H. Chapela. Department of Environmental Science, .
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What are the implications of your work for farmers in Mexico, and small farmers in particular? The second reviewer called the results so unexpected and unbelievable that their validity could be called into question.
This ontology can make a new foundation for our scientific descriptions of nature in a way that also redefines the relation between science, ethics natuee politics. California Monthly February issue.
chxpela Soon after Nature’s announcement, it became clear that the harsh reactions of several of the scientists was not merely science-based. Food systems across the continent are doing just fine without them 08 November More. Midcourse evaluation of the Novartis Berkeley agreement.
These are the basic questions of ecology: That would mean the unwieldy and multifarious collection of life forms we call fungi. The contamination of local maize varieties was a completely unexpected discovery. Born and raised in Gatineau, Canada, Philippe received a Igacio.
Vertical gene flow is the way in which genes are passed on from parent to offspring through cross-pollination. But the world knows little about that. Many rely on water whose journey begin… https: In this paper, we resolve a major question emerging from the last 8 years of use of stable isotope analysis for ecological inference in the field.
Transgene ecology is a fledgling field. Horizontal gene flow is the direct uptake and incorporation of foreign DNA into cells. Investigating the sixty native varieties “landraces” of cultivated maize in the remote mountains of the Oaxaca Valley of Mexico, they encountered contamination by pollen from genetically modified corn.
Laboratory work was mostly performed by graduate student David Quist. In and a research team had two commercial American companies testseeds from maize plants in fields in Oaxaca – the same area Chapela and Quist sampled – for transgenic DNA material. Since then, they have done a much more expansive study in terms of sampling and techniques. After moving to the San Francisco Bay Area he decided to join in collaboration with Ignacio Chapela mapping airborne microorganisms on geographical scales.
Chapela is reported to have stated in response to the study, “It is good to see this GRAIN is a small international non-profit organisation that works to support small farmers and social movements in their struggles for community-controlled and biodiversity-based food systems.
Office hours By Appointment. The GM-corn, originating in the U. We work with eukaryotic microbes, and we are most focused on those eukaryotic microbes living in terrestrial ecosystems. The events that have occurred also raise a lot of questions about the true objectivity of the peer-review process in scientific reporting.
Small wonder that transgenic maize is so widespread in the fields of Mexico. Ohio State University Research News. Part of the answer is huge government subsidies.
The methods used a combination of traditional soil analysis, stable- and radioactive isotope analysis and DNA-based microbial community characterizationand indeed the concepts behind this manuscript are novel and of very large significance, since plantations of this type are now being planted over extremely large areas globally. Please help by adding reliable sources.
The chpaela went through peer review and the two anonymous reviewers came to opposite conclusions about its content. One has to ask how much of the attempt to discredit Quist and Chapela’s research was owing to biotech companies and their proponents, who saw the research as an attack against the commercial cultivation of GM-crops.
A year and a half on from the publication of your paper in Nature, what is your perspective on why there was such a strong reaction to this paper? Advocates of GM crops widely, and erroneously, called this a retraction. It is the standard tool for GMO identification used by regulatory agencies throughout the world for accepting or rejecting shipments of GM-free grain.
Easy passage for the Bt gene Maize is the most important crop in Mexico. Second, we show that biogeographical patterning and the evolutionary history of the host play a much more important role in these ectomycorhizal fungi than had previously been assumed from extrapolations of other fungi. Heaf, David and Johannes Wirz, eds. We applied simple methods typical of microbial ecology to a critical question of policy relevance.
Biodiversity – cornucopia of knowledge. This discovery, which challenges many accepted assumptions about the ecology of transgenic organisms, is the first publication where my interests in both the science as well as the policy of microbial ecology become crystalized.
In the Nature paper, we made two main statements. Chapela has also spoken out against the deal between UC Berkeley, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaignand British Petroleum to research the development of biofuels, which may involve genetically engineering microorganisms and plants.
GRAIN — with David Quist – The Mexican Maize scandal
This is an original concept derived from my experience in the field of drug discovery, together with my understanding of microbial ecology chapelx the needs of conservation practice. The ecological and agricultural consequences of such contamination are worrisome.
In this paper, we take a biogeographical and evolutionary approach to questions of coevolution, host-specificity and adaptation.
From Iowa to Oaxaca: But this didn’t happen; Nature rejected the article on “technical grounds. Phylogenetics of Lophodermium from nture. There are also a number of agricultural research stations that have been doing field tests of GM corn in open field plots before and after the moratorium came into effect. Ignacio has worked as a biologist at various levels of commitment with a large range of institutions including: